Orthodontics is a specialty area of dentistry that is officially known as
Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. The purpose of orthodontics is to treat
malocclusion through braces, corrective procedures and other "appliances"
to straighten teeth and correct jaw alignment. Orthodontists are medical
specialists who have at least 2 years of extra training after dental school and
specialize in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and facial
irregularities. They are skilled in using any combination of extraction, braces
(fixed appliances), or removable appliances to move the teeth and reshape the
Orthodontic treatment can correct a poor bite (malocclusion) by removing teeth
(extraction) or by using devices (appliances), braces or surgery to move teeth.
Correcting the problem can create a nice-looking smile, but more important,
orthodontic treatment results in a healthier mouth. That's because crooked and
crowded teeth make cleaning the mouth difficult, which can lead to tooth decay,
gum disease and possibly tooth loss. An improper bite can interfere with chewing
and speaking, can cause abnormal wear to tooth enamel, and can lead to problems
with the jaws.
In today's orthodontic treatment, there are various options to fit one's age and
lifestyle. While early orthodontic treatment can correct problems from the start
and guide proper tooth formation, adults can still benefit from orthodontic